The Digital Platform for Electoral Anthropology.
What is EleQta?
EleQta is an IT platform ensuring the safe and rapid upload of information about electoral processes studied within the Re-examining Elections After African Experiences research project.
Research data produced within the project is uploaded via a web interface accessible through the research team member’s smartphones; the data includes quantitative elements as well as text, images, videos and sound. EleQta also ensures the standardisation of the data collected according to an established methodological framework, as well as its coherence that are guaranteed through a series of cross-validation processes. The scope of EleQta is to make electoral data available to and exploitable by researchers worldwide, by allowing them to conduct comparative research while filtering the data through a number of geographical, chronological and thematic criteria.
How does EleQta Work?
What is the Re-examining Elections after African Experiences research project?
Elections are at the heart of representative democracy, a model that been presented as the ideal form of government, to be enacted across the globe. After the end of many one-party political systems in the 1990s, the number and frequency of elections across the world has steadily increased. However, over the past thirty years a crisis has been developing. The efficiency of “mature” democratic systems in the West appears to be weakened, while research about elections in Sub-Saharan Africa has shown that the advent of democracy has rarely been accompanied by improvements in the fairness and transparency of political processes. The absence of these conditions is undermining voting procedures and depriving them of their essential function: guaranteeing the accountability and the periodic renewal of political elites. Elections in most Sub-Saharan African countries remain imperfect imitations of Western democratic rituals.
The project « Re-examining Elections after African Experiences » associates quantitative and qualitative data collection about the voting processes with inquiries about how the actors involved experience the entire process through which leaders are chosen and accepted, from the designation of the candidates to the reactions following the results. The aim is to gather and provide useful data about the mechanisms of legitimation: how the citizens recognize of the leaders’ capacity to rule, and attribute them the right to govern. The outcome of the competition for political power depends on the perceptions and actions of a vast number of actors, not all of which are necessarily involved in the vote.
The project implies the development and use of EleQta, an IT tool ensuring the safe and rapid upload of research data through smartphones by the inquiry teams in the field; data entered ranges from purely quantitative elements to text, images, videos and sound. EleQta also ensures the standardisation of the data collected according to an established methodological framework, as well as its coherence, which will be guaranteed through a series of cross-validation processes. The scope of Eleqta is to make data available to and exploitable by researchers worldwide, by allowing them to conduct comparative analysis while filtering the data through a number of geographical, temporal and thematic criteria.
Researchers based in the targeted countries conduct the collection of data. They are organised in research teams supervised by locally based scholars. The teams are instructed as concerns the methodological framework and the use of EleQta to upload the data; team members are remunerated and provided with smartphones for data collection and upload. Team supervisors also meet every year to participate to a series of workshops and seminars where they present the results of the enquiries and collaborate to improve the methodological framework of the Project.
2017 Research Campaigns
- Ivory Coast
- Democratic Republic of Congo
2018 Research Campaigns
- Democratic Republic of Congo
2019 Research Campaigns
- Senegal 100% 100%
- South Africa 100% 100%
2020 Research Campaigns
- Cameroon 20% 20%
- Togo 20% 20%
- Ivory Coast 10% 10%
Dossiers about Political Actors
News and Publications
Article by Gilbert Tinashe Zvaita and Darlington Tshuma, members of the EleQta South African Team.
Videos of all the interventions and discussions, produced and edited by the Fondation Maison Sciences de l’Homme.
Gift Mwonzora, Edknowledge Mandikwaza, ‘The Menu of Electoral Manipulation in Zimbabwe: Food Handouts, Violence, Memory, and Fear – Case of Mwenezi East and Bikita West 2017 by-elections’
Article co-authored by Edknowledge Mandikwaza, our Zimbabwe Team Supervisor.
Article about the Togo 2018 research initiative (elitedafrique.com) – By Ben Aristide AGBEVE
There is no excerpt because this is a protected post.
The purpose of this Workshop is to defend the idea that African situations provide insights into the electoral event around the world. Indeed, since the 1990s, the end of single-party regimes has produced a sharp increase in the number of elections on the...
Interview broadcasted on January 10th, 2019 after the announcement of the presidential elections’ results in the Democratic Republic of Congo (French audio).
-Bazenguissa-Ganga, Rémy « Les « écuries » les formes d’engagement des urbains dans la guerre électorale du Congo-Brazzaville (1997-2009) » in Sociétés en guerre, Ethnographies des mobilisations violentes, éd. La Maison des Sciences de l’homme,...
MRes Dissertation by Cecilia Passanti, member of EleQta’s Kenya team.